In the past few decades, educators have argued fiercely about how to teach reading. One group believes in phonics (“sounding out” words). Another group pushes sight reading, pointing out that adult readers rarely sound out words. While this has been going on, the reading disorder called dyslexia has been increasing in children across the U.S. Bonnie Rothman Morris writes in The New York Times that there are two types of dyslexia, and one kind may be caused by not teaching phonics.
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