A couple of years ago, anthropologists reported finding the skulls of small, hobbit-sized inhabitants of an island in Indonesia. Now it turns out that may have been the victims of a genetic disease.

Steve Connor writes in the Independent that new studies reveal that this race, which lived on a remote island in Indonesia around 18,000 years ago, probably had microcephaly, which is a genetic condition that leads to a small brain. If these people were isolated on a remote island, they would have interbred and passed around any defective genes in the population.
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