Laurie Mylroie, the author of Study of Revenge: Saddam Hussein's Unfinished War Against America, believes that Saddam may well have had a role in both the 1993 bombing of the World Trade Center and the September 11 catastrophe.
The 1993 bombing came on Feburary 26, the second anniversary of the end of the Gulf War. Shortly before the embassy bombings in Africa in 1998, Saddam made anti-US threats and stopped co-operating with UN weapons inspectors.
Less well known is the fact that, after the Gulf War, Iraq set up an overseas intelligence service. It is headquartered in the Sudan, which is also closely tied to Osama bin Laden.
The President has stated that the United States is going to extend its response to states that harbor terrorists and support terrorism. At the end of the Gulf War, the army of Saddam Hussein was in ruins and there was nothing between a highly organized American force and Baghdad but a few miles of desert.
"In the Gulf War, we fought a limited war and we should have fought a total war," said Stephen Cohen, a senior fellow of the Brookings Institution. "I think we missed an opportunity."
When Saddam Hussein was a US ally, during his long war with Iran, Osama bin Laden openly condemned him. But, in recent years, it has become clear that the two are co-operating. Given Iraqi involvement, the use of chemical, biological and possibly nuclear weapons in the future cannot be discounted.
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