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The Gobekli Tepe Mystery: A Surprising New Discovery

Gobekli Tepe was discovered in 1995, and excavations have been going on ever since at the site in southern Turkey. The site consists of dozens of t-shaped dolmens covered with carvings of animals, some known and some unknown. The site has been positively dated to the 10th to 8th millennium BC, making it the oldest known structure in the world. Remains found on the site indicate that people came to it from as far away as the middle east and even southern Russia.

Incredibly, after the vast site was completed, it was then buried over a period of hundreds of years. It is not only the oldest human built structure, it is the only one known to have been intentionally buried.

Until now, its purpose has been an enigma. Whether or not it was a temple has not even been certain. But scientists have now found evidence to suggest that it could have been built to worship or in some way honor Sirius, the dog star.

Giulio Magli, an archaeoastronomer at the University of Milan in Italy, noted that Sirius was so clearly visible in the night sky that the original Egyptian calendar was aligned to its rise and set points, so it would have been a prominent astral feature for early man, but the position and visibility of each star does vary due to the movement of the Earth on its axis. A simulation of the prehistoric sky at the time of Göbekli Tepe's construction had to be created, and assessing the latitude of the site, researchers were able to determine that the dog star would not have been visible until around 9300BC, when it would have emerged to make a dramatic appearance in the heavens.

"I propose that the temple was built to follow the 'birth' of this star," says Magli. "You can imagine that the appearance of a new object in the sky could even have triggered a new religion."

Magli's calculations do seem to confirm the connection between the ancient monument and Sirius, as three of the circles which combine to form the 11,000 year old structure seem to be aligned with the star's estimated rise points on the horizon in 9100BC, 8750BC and 8300BC. A total of 20 circles are thought to exist, each one surrounded by massive T-shaped pillars, though since excavation work began towards the end of the twentieth century, only a small number have been unearthed. This makes it difficult to ascertain whether the circles were built to follow Sirius' appearance at different points along the horizon, or even whether the circles were open or enclosed by a roof.

Consequently, the evidence concerning the temple's use is far from conclusive and research work is still ongoing, but as Sirius is still one of the brightest stars in the night sky, after the moon, Venus and Jupiter, it is easy to see how it might have inspired our early ancestors to build a temple in its honor.

Of course the question remains of why primitive hunter gatherers would take such an interest in the sky. The Dogon People of Mali have a long tradition that a group called the Nommo came to Earth from Sirius, and taught mankind the basics of civilization.

Maybe we need to rethink our concepts of "primitive hunter gatherers", human evolution and time itself. The delusion that settling in cities and living on agriculture was a radical step forward for humanity is based on our rational notions of time as linear, evolution as a linear phenomenon, and human history as developing along these lines. None of these concepts stands up to closer scrutiny, or even to the new understandings of the new science. We have no idea whether, in our ongoing experiments with consciousness, humanity, like all of Nature of which it is part, has gone through many cycles, each unique, each with its own peaks and declines. Do not underestimate the hunter gatherer mind. It is perfectly capable of complex thought, of grasping deep abstractions, and of kinds of consciousness of which we technologically developed people cannot even conceive. "Primitive" people appear primitive in our rationalistic, mechanistic world view, but not all of those whom we consider primitive are, and some of them may have been, or are, far ahead of us in their understanding of the natural world and our existence as part of it. Yes, there are some whom I would call truly primitive, and they do not all live in jungles. I meet them daily on the street.

As for why the humans of that period might have taken such an interest in the sky, didn't you, Whitley, as a small child, gaze up in wonder and feel that something out there was speaking to you? that somehow, you and 'out there' were connected? that it was so beautiful and wonderful that it must be reeeally important? And I can't remember which anthropologist it was who remembered on a dark night in the Kalahari, seeing a sole figure dancing beneath the moon, "dancing to the moon", the dancer later explained, out of love and admiration. When you know yourself to be part of everything, everything is a source of wonder and understanding.

I am still trying to figure out how they say that they dated the structure. Just because you find organic matter or remains at the site and you date that to whatever time period it doesn't date the structure. Maybe the "primitive" people stumbled across this place and were so astonished by what they had found that they decided to stay there, or maybe they found this place and thought it was evil so they buried it under the sand. It could be of any age, the same as Stonehenge, The Pyramids that are all over the world or any other STONE structures.

Seems as if Wayne Herschels astounding research is being over looked here. My jaw hit the floor when I saw what he found. He's connected to just about every ancient megalithic civilization to the same star pattern which includes Cydonia! It's mind blowing!

I was struck by this one sentence:

"I propose that the temple was built to follow the 'birth' of this star," says Magli"

Not so much what it says on the surface BUT how the choice of words hits you on a subconscious level "star", "follow", "birth", "Magli (or better Magi?) It's as if someone is saying the basis for one well known story could be traced back to the rise of Sirius in ancient times. Very interesting synchronicity.

This 'discovery' theory does not resonate with me as for the reason of Gobleki Tepe's creation. Our culture is unusually fixated on Sirius. While it has its place because many cultures refer their origins back to said star, i am concerned that such an obsession with Sirius has put blinders on modern researchers' ability to see other possibilities. As pssqd pointed out, the particular wording used by the Italian researcher to describe the alleged connection sounds like religious influence. Modern archaeology has a habit of trying to fit all ancient cultures and findings into neat packages that fit into our 'known' paradigm. it's quite possible that Gobleki Tepe had their own mythology, their own point of origin, and their own unique culture. Perhaps the researchers should spend more time meditating on the possibilities and stop rushing to publish theories they believe the masses will accept.

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